[Loyola University Chicago]

LATN 286/289: The Age of Nero

Fall Semester 2007

Nero, c AD 50, Palatine Hill, Rome; photo J. Long 2006

Substantive1 Grid

Ahenobarbi auctorem originis itemque cognominis habent L. Domitium, cui rure quondam revertenti iuvenes gemini augustiore forma ex occursu imperasse traduntur, nuntiaret senatui ac populo victoriam, de qua incertum adhuc erat. Suet, Ner. 1.1

Noun or Pronoun (if expressed) Adjective (if any; including participles) Sense in Context Gender Case Number Role in Sentence2
Ahenobarbi --- the Ahenobarbi [family name] masc. nom. pl. subject
auctorem --- initiator masc. acc. sing. predicate accusative - complement of L. Domitium
originis --- stock fem. gen. sing. objective gen. with auctorem
cognominis --- distinctive surname neut. gen. sing. objective gen. with auctorem
Lucium Domitium --- Lucius Domitius [man's name] masc. acc. sing. direct object of habent
cui revertenti whom, (as he was) returning masc. dat. sing. indirect object of imperasse in the relative clause
rure --- countryside neut. abl. sing. abl. of place from which with revertenti
iuvenes gemini twin youths masc. nom. pl. subject of the relative clause
forma augustiore rather-majestic beauty fem. abl. sing. abl. of description with iuvenes gemini
occursu --- meeting masc. abl. sing. abl. of cause
senatui --- Senate masc. dat. sing. dat. of indirect object with nuntiaret
populo --- populace masc. dat. sing. dat. of indirect object with nuntiaret
victoriam --- victory fem. acc. sing. acc. of direct object with nuntiaret
qua --- which [the victory] fem. abl. sing. partitive separation of topic with de
--- incertum uncertain what to think neut. nom. sing. predicate nominative of the implied subject of erat

1"Substantive": a person, an animal, a thing, a concept, etc., when it is being talked about by the sentence - so that, for example, in the sentence legens scit, "The reader knows," the participle (verbal adjective) legens is a substantive, because it refers to a person (unexpressed but implied noun) who at the time of the sentence happens to be performing the action (so, literally, "[the person-who-is] reading"), but in the sentence liber lectus est, "The book has been read," the participle lectus is not a substantive, because it's part of the compound perfect-passive verb.

2"Role in sentence": brief statement of the reason why the substantive takes the form that it takes, in order to tell you what the sentence is using it to tell you.

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Revised 8 July 2007 by jlong1@luc.edu